Negative Effects of Positive Reinforcement

1.5 Type 2 BACB CEUs

Reading Perone's 2003 article and answering ASRs at 100%, the BACB certificant will be able to

Abstract: Procedures classified as positive reinforcement are generally regarded as more desirable than those classified as aversive-those that involve negative reinforcement or punishment. This is a crude test of the desirability of a procedure to change or maintain behavior. The problems can be identified on the basis of theory, experimental analysis, and consideration of practical cases. Theoretically, the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement has proven difficult (some would say the distinction is untenable). When the distinction is made purely in operational terms, experiments reveal that positive reinforcement has aversive functions. On a practical level, positive reinforcement can lead to deleterious effects, and it is implicated in a range of personal and societal problems. These issues challenge us to identify other criteria for judging behavioral procedures. 

1.5 Type 2 BACB CEUs

What's included?

1 Quiz
1 Survey
Christen Russell
Christen Russell
Founder/Executive Director/BCBA

About the instructor

Christen is the Founder and Executive Director of ABC.  As a Board Certified Behavior Analyst, Christen’s clinical experience focuses on quality assurance, compliance, clinical support, business development and growth. She also works closely with leadership and management divisions on compliance, training and delivery of sound, ethical and effective behavioral supports to achieve client goals.

Christen has established and assisted with the startup, and/or growth and development of four agencies providing ABA services.  She has supervised 100s of staff, including BCBAs, BCaBAs, RBTs, and operations staff. 

She is a guest lecturer at Rutgers University Graduate School of Social Work, presenting on the principles and procedures of ABA.  As an ACE coordinator, Christen has created over 30 continuing education events.  She has provided consultation to teachers, parents, business owners and staff.


Christen sits on a Peer Review Committee and is a member of the Association for Professional Behavior Analysts and the OBM Network.  She has published articles on Developing Friendships, Sexuality and Autism and ABA through primary and secondary schooling.


Christen has her Master of Science in Psychology with a specialization in Applied Behavior Analysis. With  a focus on supervision, staffing, recruitment, training, strategic planning, and working in the field for over 19 years, Christen provides a broad spectrum of clinical expertise. 

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